2. Dried cultivated ginseng: Axial root about 15 cm long, 1-2 cm in diameter, with 2-3 branches and few fibrous roots, sometime with granular protuberances, and slender adventitious roots.
Steamed and dried cultivated ginseng: Axial root terete, 10 cm long, remained
All are sweet and slightly bitter in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to spleen, lung and heart channel.
2. Invigorate spleen-energy: For spleen-deficiency syndrome manifested as poor appetite, fatigue and emaciation, hemorrhagic diseases, prolapse of uterus and rectum, visceroptosis and anemia.
3. Promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst. For febrile diseases with consumption of body fluid, and diabetes.
4. Invigorate lung-energy: For deficiency of lung-energy manifested as shortness of breath, dyspnea, cough, night sweat, and susceptibility to common cold.
5. Invigorate wei-energy: For common cold in debilitated patient, pyogenic skin infection and carbuncle of yin type.
6. Supplement vital energy and calm the mind: For deficiency of heart energy manifested as palpitation, amnesia, insomnia, absent-mindedness, spontaneous perspiration, cardiodyriia, etc. In addition, also for impotence, sterility, emission, ejaculatio praecox, enuresis, etc.
It contains many ginsenosides, such as ginsenoside R0 Ra, Rb1 , Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1 , Rg2, Rg3, etc.
1. Acting on the central nervous system including excitation and inhibition processes.
2. Exerting significant cardiotonic and hypertensive effects on acute circulatory failure after heavy blood loss.
3. Decreasing the level of blood sugar.
4. Promoting phagocytosis and enhancing lymphocyte-blastogenesis rate.