Root of Codonopsis. pilosula (Franch.) Nannf., and other
several species of the same genus, family Campanulaceae.
Axial root stout, few of branch roots, long-terete 10-15 cm
long, 0.4-2.0 cm in diameter. Cork greyish yellow, lenticellate; root
base with numerous tuberculate
stem bases or buds; dense annular marks appearing at the upper part and
spotted fibrous root scars covered with brown sticky material at the lower.
Cross section even or showing radial marks. Soft and tenacious in texture.
Aromatic in odour. Sweet in taste, mild in nature, and attributive to
spleen and lung channels.
Supplement middle-jiao energy, benefit the lung, promote the production
of body fluid, nourish blood: For insufficiency of middle-jiao energy
manifested as poor appetite, loose stools and fatigue, usually used together
with Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephaize; for collapse of middle-jiao
energy manifested as prolapse of rectum hysteroptosis, gastroptosis, nephroptosis,
etc., used together with Radix Astragali seu Hedysari, Atractylodis
Macrocephaiae Rhizoma Cimicifugae and Radix Bupleuri; for deficiency
of vital energy and of blood manifested as poor appetite, fatigue, pale
complexion and palpitation;
for metrorrhagia, hypermenorrhea, hematemesis, hemoptysis, and hemafecia
due to the failure of controlling blood by the spleen; for lung-energy
deficiency with dyspnea, cough, shortness of breath and speaking in a
weak voice. Recently, also used for neurasthenia, anemia, dysfunctional
uterine bleeding, anaphylactoid. purpura and thrombocytopenic purpura,
usually used together with Astragali seu Hedysari and Radix
Angelicae Sinensis. Also for skin infection, common cold in energy-deficiency
patients, diabetes, and febrile diseases with consumption of body fluid
1. Promoting phagocytosis.
Increasing the tolerance of hyperthermia, hypothermia, anoxia and X-ray
radiation in mice.