The dried mature seed of Coix lacryma-jobi L var. R. ma-yuen (Roman.)
Stapf, family Gramineae.
Seed spheroidal or sem-spherical, obtuse-round at one end and somewhat
at the other, 0.5-0.7 cm in length. Surface smooth, milky white in colour,
occasionally remained with brownish testa, A deeply and widely grooved,
concavely basilar and spotted hilum appearing at the flat end. Hard in
texture. Fracture section appearing white and farnaceous. Sweet and bland
in taste, slightly cold in nature, and attributive to spleen, stomach,
lung and large intestine channels.
I. Promote diuresis and invigorate the spleen: For spleen. For spleen-deficiency
syndrome with accumulation of dampness manifested as edema, beriberi,
or diarrhea; for stranguria of dampness-heat type and of stone origin;
for dampness febrile disease manifested as fever, bodily heaviness,
oppressive sensation over the chest and epigastrium, anorexia, and smooth
or greasy tongue coating.
dampness obstruction and relax the muscles: For arthralgia of wind-dampness
type and muscular rigidity.
away heat to drain the pus: For lung abscess, usually used together with
Rhizoma Phragmitis, Semen Benincasae and Semen Persicae; for
appendicitis, usually used together with Herba Patriniae, Semen Persicae
and Cortex Moutan Radicas.
1. Its active component coixenolide is a sedative, analgesic and antipyretic.
2. Its oily
component can inhibit the contraction of striated muscles.
the Erlich ascitic cancer in mice and prolonging the life in experimental